Mae & Sidney G. Metzl Distinguished Service Professor of Anthropology, Linguistics, and of Social Sciences in the College 

Director of the Center for the Study of Communication and Society

PhD, University of California Berkeley, 1976

Susan Gal is presently doing research on the political economy of language, including linguistic nationalism, language and gender, and especially the rhetorical and symbolic aspects of political transformation in contemporary eastern Europe and post socialism generally. Her work focuses as well on the construction of gender and discourses of reproduction.

Contact Information

Office: Haskell 237
Phone: (773) 702-2551

Selected Works

(with J.T. Irvine) Signs of Difference: Language and Ideology in Social Life. Cambridge University Press.
[Winner of the 2021 Edward Sapir Prize of the Society for Linguistic Anthropology of the American Anthropological Association. "The Sapir Prize is awarded biennially to a book that makes the most significant contribution to our understanding of language in society, or the ways in which language mediates historical or contemporary sociocultural processes."]

Book cover of "Signs of Difference"

A nyelv politikája: Antropológiai nyelvészeti tanulmányok. Susan Gal válogatott írásai magyar nyelven. [Language's Politics: Linguistic Anthropological Studies: Susan Gal’s Selected Wrtings in Hungarian]. eds. Ildikó Vancó and István Kozmách. Nyitra, Slovakia: University of Nyitra Press.

Book cover of "A nyelv politikája"

Discursive struggles about migration: A commentary. Language and Communication.

Ideología de la lengua y diferenciación linguística,” IN E. Cerón (ed.) Ideologías, Linguísticas, Politica e Identidad: Cuatro Ensazos de Linguística. Veracruz, Mexico: Universidad Veracruzana: Veracruz, Mexico (transl. of Irvine & Gal 2000.)

Registers in circulation: The social organization of interdiscursivity. Signs and Society 6:1:1-24. (Papers in honor of Michael Silverstein)

Qualia as Value and Knowledge: Histories of European Porcelain. Signs and Society (Special Issue) 5(1): 128-153.

Visions and Revisions of Minority Languages: Standardization and its Dilemmas. In P. Lane and J. Costa, eds., Standardizing Minority Languages in the Global Periphery: Competing Ideologies of Authority and Authenticity. Routledge.

Nyelvi sztenderdizáció: Modellek és ideológiák. [Linguistic standardization: Models and ideologies.] In Standard and Non-Standard: Varieties of a Language Variety. Bratislava.

Labov in Anthropology. Journal of Sociolinguistics.

Language and Political Economy: An Afterward. HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory 6(3): 331-335.

Scale-Making: Comparison and Perspective as Ideological Projects. In E.S. Carr and M. Lempert, eds., Scale: Discourse and Dimension in Social Life. University of California Press.

Sociolinguistc Differentiation. In N. Coupland, ed., Sociolinguistics: Theoretical Debates. Cambridge University Press.

Translation and Demarcation in Legal Worlds. In W. Ford and E. Mertz, eds., Translating the Social World for Law: Linguistic Tools for a New Legal Realism. Oxford University Press.

Imperial Linguistics and Polyglot Nationalism in Austria-Hungary: Hunfalvy, Gumplowicz, Schuchardt. Papers in Honor of Victor Friedman. Balkanistica.

Politics of Translation. Annual Review of Anthropology. Vol 44.

Child Exchange and the Meaning of Multilingualism in Austria-Hungary. Festschrift for Andrea Seidler. University of Vienna.

John Gumperz's Discourse Strategies. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 23(1): 115-126.

Tastes of Talk: Qualia and the Moral Flavor of Signs. Anthropological Theory, 31(1/2): 31-48.

Sociolinguistic Regimes and the Management of “Diversity.” In M. Heller and A. Duchene, eds., Language in Late Capitalism: Pride and Profit. Routledge, 22-37.

Polyglot Nationalism: Linguistic Theories and Everyday Practice in 19th Century Hungary. Langage et société, v. 136: 1-24.

Language and Political Space. In P. Auer & J.E. Schmidt, eds., Language and Space. Mouton de Gruyter, 33-50.

Perspective and the Politics of Representation. In A. Reyes & A. Lo, eds., Beyond Yellow English. Oxford University Press, 325-330.

Hungarian as a Minority Language. In G. Extra & D. Gorter, eds., Multilingual Europe: Facts and Policies. Mouton de Gruyter, 207-232.

(ed.) Gender and Circulation in East European Politics and Societies (Special Issue), East European Politics and Societies. 20:1:1-180. Contains: “Introduction: Gender and Circulation,” 1-14.

Linguistic Anthropology. In K. Brown, ed., The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, Second Edition. Elsevier.

Contradictions of standard language in Europe: Implications for the study of publics and practices. Social Anthropology. 14(2): 163-181.

Minorities, migration and multilingualism: Language ideologies in Europe. In P. Stevenson & Mar-Molinaro, eds., Language Ideologies, Practices and Policies: Language and the Future of Europe. London: Palgrave.

Language ideologies compared: Metaphors and circulations of public and private. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology. 15:1:23-37.

Movements of feminism: The circulation of discourses about women. In B. Hobson, ed., Recognition Struggles and Social Movements: Contested Identities, Power and Agency. Cambridge U. Press, pp. 93-120.

A semiotics of the public/private distinction. Differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies. 13:1:77-95.

(with K. Woolard) (eds.) Languages and Publics: The Making of Authority. Contains “Introduction” and the article “Linguistic theories and national images in 19th century Hungary,” pp. 30-45. Manchester UK: St. Jerome’s Press.

Book cover of "Languages and Publics"

(with J.T. Irvine) Language ideology and linguistic differentiation. In P. Kroskrity, ed., Regimes of Language: Ideologies, Polities, and Identities. Santa Fe: School of American Research Press, pp. 35-84.

(with Gail Kligman) The Politics of Gender After Socialism: A Comparative Historical Essay.

Book cover of "The Politics of Gender After Socialism"

(with Gail Kligman) (eds.) Reproducing Gender: Politics, Publics and Everyday Life after Socialism. Princeton University Press. [Winner of the Heldt Prize of the American Association for the  Advancement of Slavic Studies, 2000.]

Book cover of "Reproducing Gender"

Multiplicity and contestation among linguistic ideologies. In K. Woolard & B. Schieffelin, eds., Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory. Oxford University Press, pp. 317-331.

Feminism and civil society. In J. Scott, C. Kaplan & D. Keats, eds., Transitions, Environments, Translations: Feminisms in International Politics. NY: Rutledge, pp. 30-45.

(with J.T. Irvine) The boundaries of languages and disciplines: How ideologies construct difference. Social Research. 62:4:966-1001.

Language and the ‘arts of resistance.’ Cultural Anthropology. 10:3:407-424

Gender in the post-socialist transition: The abortion debate in Hungary. East European Politics and Societies 8:2:256-286.

Between speech and silence: The problematics of research on language and gender. In M. di Leonardo, ed., Gender at the Crossroads of Knowledge: Feminist Anthropology in the Postmodern Era. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 175-203.

Bartok’s funeral: Representations of Europe in Hungarian political rhetoric. American Ethnologist 18:3:440-458.

Peasant Men Can't Get Wives: Language Change and Sex Roles in a Bilingual Community. Language in Society 7:1:1-16.