Graduate and Undergraduate Courses: Winter 2013

20701-20702. Introduction to African Civilization I, II. (=AFAM 20701-20702, CHDV 21401 [20702], HIST 10101-10102, SOSC 22500-22600) Completion of the general education requirement in social sciences recommended. Taking these courses in sequence is recommended but not required. This sequence meets the general education requirement in civilization studies. This year the African Civilization Sequence focuses primarily on the colonial encounter, with some attention, in the second quarter, to everyday life in the contemporary period. The first quarter focuses on West, North, and Central Africa. The second quarter focuses on Eastern and Southern Africa, including Madagascar. We explore various aspects of how the colonial encounter transformed local societies, even as indigenous African social structures profoundly molded and shaped these diverse processes. Topics include the institution of colonial rule, independence movements, ethnicity and interethnic violence, ritual and the body, love, marriage, money, and popular culture. E. Osborn, Autumn; J. Cole, Winter. MonWed 1:30-2:50. 

21102/38400. Classical Readings in Anthropology: History and Theory of Human Evolution (=EVOL 38400, HIPS 23600).  A seminar on racial, sexual and class bias in the classic theoretic writings, autobiographies, and biographies of Darwin, Huxley, Haeckel, Keith, Osborn, Jones, Gregory, Morton, Broom, Black, Dart, Weidenreich, Robinson, Leakey, LeGros-Clark, Schultz, Straus, Hooton, Washburn, Coon, Dobzhansky, Simpson, and Gould. R. Tuttle. MonWed 1:30-2:50 (NOT Fri.)

21107/3000.  Classical Readings in Anthropology: Anthropological Theory.  Since its inception as an academically institutionalized discipline, anthropology has always addressed the relation between a self-consciously modernizing West and its various and changing others. Yet it has not always done so with sufficient critical attention to its own concepts and categories -- a fact that has led, since at least the 1980s, to considerable debate about the nature of the anthropological enterprise and its epistemological foundations. This course provides a brief critical introduction to the history of anthropological thought over the course of the discipline’s long twentieth century, from the 1880s to the present. Although it centers on the North American and British traditions, we will review important strains of French and, to a lesser extent, German social theory in chronicling the emergence and transformation of modern anthropology as an empirically based, but theoretically informed practice of knowledge production about human sociality and culture. Susanne Cohen MWF 9:30-10:20

21112.  Classical Readings in Anthropology: The Substance of Kinship. This class will chart the contours of a theoretical trajectory within the anthropology of kinship.  It will explore the notion of substance in classical writings on kinship, trace its deployment in subsequent revisions and now-classic critiques, and gesture towards the productive directions in which kinship studies are now moving in what could be called the “new classics”. Beginning with the forefathers of anthropological analysis of kinship and moving through revisions and critiques, the class will explore the works that have established kinship as a quintessentially anthropological endeavor.  It will ask, for instance, how genealogical decent has been challenged by notions of alliance and marriage and subsequently by a pivotal critique that reconfigured anthropological analysis of “kinship” as a symbolic expression of Euro-American cultural practices.  The class will explore further how anthropology has recuperated kinship as an object of study despite its relativization as an ethnocentric cultural artifact, and productively examined new models of social relationship and belonging, such as adoption, surrogate parenthood, and queer kinship, as well as foreign practices of relating that bear little or no resemblance to ideas about “blood” and “genes”.  The project is to trace the descent of the anthropology of kinship, as well as its marriage to other theoretical paradigms (such as structural linguistics, symbolic anthropology, gender studies and feminism) to reveal how “substance” (broadly construed) has been and still remains, the substance of kinship analysis. Gabriel Tusinski, TuTh 1:30-2:50.

21265/36705.  Celts: Ancient, Modern, Postmodern. Celts and things Celtic have long occupied a prominent and protean place in the popular imagination, and “the Celts” has been an amazingly versatile concept in the politics of identity and collective memory in recent history.  This course is an anthropological exploration of this phenomenon that examines: (1) the use of the ancient past in the construction of modern nationalist mythologies of Celtic identity (e.g. in France and Ireland) and regional movements of resistance to nationalist and colonialist projects (e.g. in Brittany, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Gallicia, Asturias); (2) the construction of transnational ethno-nostalgic forms of Celtic identity in modern diasporic communities (Irish, Scottish, etc.); and (3) various recent spiritualist visions of Celticity that decouple the concept from ethnic understandings (e.g. in the New Age and Neo-Pagan movements).  All of these are treated in the context of what is known archaeologically about the ancient peoples of Europe who serve as a symbolic reservoir for modern Celtic identities. The course explores these competing Celtic imaginaries in the spaces and media where they are constructed and performed, ranging from museums and monuments, to neo-druid organizations, Celtic cyberspace, Celtic festivals, Celtic theme parks, Celtic music, Celtic commodities, etc.  Michael Dietler. TuTh 3:00-4:20

21303.  Making the Natural World: Foundations of Human Ecology (=ENST 21301). Required of all ENST majors.  In this course we consider the conceptual underpinnings of contemporary Western notions of ecology, environment, and balance, and also examine several specific historical trajectories of anthropogenic landscape change.  We approach these issues from the vantage of several different disciplinary traditions including environmental history, philosophy, ecological anthropology, and paleoecology.  M. Lycett. MonWed 1:30-2:50

21427.  The Practice of Anthropology: Archaeology of Everyday Life. What does your home say about you, or about the world you live in?  What can houses and the events that take place there tell us about individuals, families, or societies, which other kinds of places can’t?  In this course we examine how the objects, activities, and architecture of domestic settings offer a powerful way to understand ancient societies, often offering access to different individuals, hidden activities, and comfortable habits difficult to observe in public or official settings.  While we will study a field that has traditionally been called “household archaeology,” what is really central to these studies are the events of everyday life, which help us understand not only what goes on within the home, but also society beyond it.   This course explores the advantages and disadvantages of using small-scale, domestic settings as a perspective with which to understand past and present societies.  In so doing, it will present a case study of the central principle of archaeological research: using material objects to understand those who use them and leave them behind.  The course will familiarize students with recent archaeological research on household contexts and everyday life, and will focus especially on the household perspective as a research tool, enabling students to assess the utility of this research perspective in their own research or that of others.    Anna Guengerich. MonWed 12:00-1:20

23035.  Cuba in Socialism and Diaspora (=LACS 26101, HIST 26101).  This course examines the emergence and development of the conflict between the Cuban regime and its exiled opponents, by looking closely at the political culture of both sides of the Cuban national divide. It also considers the implications of this conflict for the broader Latin American and United States contexts.  João Filipe Gonçalves. TuTh 3:00-4:20.

23075.  Race and Culture in Brazil (=CRES 27325, LACS 27325).  Brazil is rapidly emerging as a global power. The country is experiencing an incredible economic expansion, celebrating its first female president, and preparing to welcome millions of visitors to the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 Olympics. This recent upturn seems poised to erase some of the darker impressions left by a tumultuous century of racial inequality, as well as political oppression and international debt. This course engages with the trajectory of Brazilian racial ideologies as a means to anchor a broader theoretical discussion of the process of racialization. By tracing scholarly and popular discourses about race in Brazil, this course addresses important themes in Brazil's recent history, present,and imagined future, such as cultural cannibalism (antropofagia) and racial hybridity (mestiçagem). Students will also gain insight into how race and racism have been negotiated through expressive means by analyzing a variety of anthropological and ethnomusicological texts about Brazilian popular music, literature, and its most famous annual ritual, carnival. Falina Enriquez, MonWed 3:00-4:20.

23101-23102-23103. Introduction to Latin American Civilization I, II, III. (=HIST 16101-16102-16103, LTAM 16100-16200-16300, LCAS 34600-34700-34800, SOSC 26100-26200-26300) PQ: May be taken in sequence or individually. This sequence meets the general education requirement in civilization studies. This course introduces the history and cultures of Latin America (e.g., Mexico, Central America, South America, Caribbean Islands).  Autumn Quarter examines the origins of civilizations in Latin America with a focus on the political, social, and cultural features of the major pre-Columbian civilizations of the Maya, Inca, and Aztec.  The quarter concludes with consideration of the Spanish and Portuguese conquest and the construction of colonial societies in Latin America.  Winter Quarter addresses the evolution of colonial societies, the wars of independence, and the emergence of Latin American nation-states in the changing international context of the nineteenth century.  Spring Quarter focuses on the twentieth century, with special emphasis on the challenges of economic, political, and social development in the region.  Winter: Mauricio Tenorio. MWF 1:30-2:20.

23820. Nations and Nationalism (= Anth 33810, LACS 28612/38612, Hist 36211). Nationalism – the ideology or discourse that postulates the existence of a “people” as a collective subject, that maintains that there ought to be a unity between that people and the state that rules over it and that both must be territorially bounded – is one of the major phenomena of the modern world, and remains central in today’s globalized world. It has been a major topic of analysis by scholars in several disciplines in the last twenty-five years, especially after the constructivist or discursive turn that has understood nations as “imagined communities” or “categories of practice” produced by political practices and discourses. This course examines theoretical, historical and anthropological accounts of nationalism.  João Filipe Gonçalves, Wed 3:00-5:50

23909.  Producing Home: The Re-Making of Place and Space in Diaspora (CHDV 23909).  At its heart, migration involves transformations in space and place. The very act of migration involves displacement and the traversing of space, and it is through a variety of spatial and place-making practices that migrants are re-emplaced in new locales. Such practices may be undertaken by both migrants and receiving states; they range from the creation of neighborhoods populated with structures of support relevant to specific migrant populations, to the collective sharing of narratives about remembered places, and attempts to make one’s home in diaspora reflect the one left behind. Such practices have a range of effects. For instance, they may enable migrants to reproduce remembered places and ways of being in a new landscape in symbolic and material ways, allowing them to create a sense of home; they may transform urban spaces and create new ones; and they may produce new immigrant subjectivities that are informed by the spatial and sociopolitical conditions of their new home. We will draw on a range of ethnographic material to explore these and other possibilities through the lens of theories on the production of space and place.  Gayathri Embuldeniya. Thurs 10:30-1:20

24001-24002-24003. Colonizations I, II, III (=SOSC 24002-24002-24003, CRPC 24001-24002-24003; HIST 18301-18302-18303) Must be taken in sequence.  This sequence meets the general education requirement in civilization studies.  This three-quarter sequence approaches the concept of civilization from an emphasis on cross-cultural/societal connection and exchange.  We explore the dynamics of conquest, slavery, colonialism, and their reciprocal relationships with concepts such as resistance, freedom, and independence, with an eye toward understanding their interlocking role in the making of the modern world.  Themes of slavery, colonization, and the making of the Atlantic world are covered in the first quarter.  Modern European and Japanese colonialism in Asia and the Pacific is the theme of the second quarter.  The third quarter considers the processes and consequences of decolonization both in the newly independent nations and the former colonial powers.  Colonizations-1, Jason Ramsey, TuTh Colonizations 2. Julie Chu, TuTh 10:30-11:20.

24101-24102. Introduction to the Civilization of South Asia, I, II (= SALC 20100-20200, HIST 10800-10900, SASC 2000-20100, SOSC 23000-23100).  Must be taken in sequence.  This course meets the general education requirement in civilization studies.  This sequence introduces core themes in the formation of culture and society in South Asia before colonialism.  The Winter Quarter focuses on Islam in South Asia, Hindu-Muslim interaction, Mughal political and literary traditions, and South Asia’s early encounters with Europe.  The Spring Quarter analyzes the colonial period (i.e., reform movements, the rise of nationalism, communalism, caste, and other identity movements) up to the independence and partition of India.  Rochona Majumdar. MW 1:30-2:50.

24315/35115.  Culture, Mental Health, and Psychiatry (=CHDV 23301/33301). This course examines mental health and illness as a set of subjective experiences, social processes and objects of knowledge and intervention. On a conceptual level, the course will invite students to think through the complex relationships between categories of knowledge and clinical technologies (in this case, mainly psychiatric ones) and the subjectivities of persons living with mental illness.  Put in slightly different terms, we will look at the multiple links between psychiatrists’ professional accounts of mental illness and patients' experiences of it.  Readings are drawn primarily from medical and psychological anthropology, cultural psychiatry, and science studies.  They have been chosen to reflect a range of perspectives and disciplinary frameworks, both in the social science and in psychiatry itself. Students will be expected to pay close attention to the relationships between various texts, as well as their underlying assumptions, the evidence they employ, the historical and social context of their production and the positionality of their authors. Eugene Raikhel, TuTh 9:00-10:20

24510-11/ 34501-02.  The Anthropology of Museums I, II (=SOSC 34500-01, MAPS 34500-01, CHDV 34501-02).  Using anthropological theories and methodology as a conceptual framework, this seminar will explore the organizational and ideological aspects of museum culture(s).  The course includes visits to museums with guest museum professionals as guides into the culture of museums.  The seminar continues in the Spring quarter, when students will conduct ethnographic fieldwork in a Chicago-area museum.  (NOTE: Winter quarter is a prerequisite for participation in Spring Quarter.) M. Fred. Wed 3:00-5:50 pm.

25116.  Magic Matters (=INST 27701). The class explores lively presence of magic in the contemporary, presumably disenchanted world. It approaches the problem of magic historically—examining how magic became an object of social scientific inquiry—and anthropologically, attending to the magic in practice on the margins of the industrial, rational, cosmopolitan, and technological societies and economies. Furthermore, this class reads classic and contemporary ethnographies of magic together with the studies of science and technology to critically examine questions of agency, practice, experience, experiment, and efficacy. The class reads widely across sites, disciplines, and theories, attending to eventful objects and alien agents, stepping into post-socialist, post-colonial, and post-secular magic markets and medical clinics, and reading for the political energies of the emergent communities that effectively mix science, magic, and technology.   Larisa Jasarevic. TuTh 3:00-4:20

25200. Approaches to Gender in Anthropology (=GNSE 25201).  This course examines gender as a cultural category in anthropological theory, as well as in everyday life. After reviewing the historical sources of the current concern with women, gender, and sexuality in anthropology , we critically explore some key controversies. These include:  (1)  the relationship between production and reproduction in different sociocultural orders; (2)  "public" and "private" in current politics; (3) the body and sexualities;  (4) work and emotional experience in a globalizing world;  (5) consumption and desire;  (7) language, communication and the construction of masculinity and femininity; (8) gender in postcolonial discourse.  Susan Gal. TuTh 3:00-4:20.

25908/35908.  Balkan Folklore (=SOSL 26800/36800, NEHC 20568/30568, CMLT 23301/33301, ISHU 27408). This course is an overview of Balkan folklore from ethnographic, anthropological, historical/political, and performative perspectives. We become acquainted with folk tales, lyric and epic songs, music, and dance. The work of Milman Parry and Albert Lord, who developed their theory of oral composition through work among epic singers in the Balkans, help us understand folk tradition as a dynamic process. We also consider the function of different folklore genres in the imagining and maintenance of community and the socialization of the individual. We also experience this living tradition first hand through our visit to the classes and rehearsals of the Chicago-based ensemble “Balkanske igre.” Angelina Ilieva. TuTh 10:30-11:50

26710-26711/36710-36711. Ancient Landscapes I, II (=NEAA 20061-20062/30061-30062; GEOG 25700-25800/35700/35800).  The landscape of the Near East contains a detailed and subtle record of environmental, social and economic processes that have obtained over thousands of years.  Landscape analysis is therefore proving to be fundamental to an understanding of the processes that underpinned the development of ancient Near Eastern society.  This class provides and overview of the ancient cultural landscapes of this heartland of early civilization from the early stages of complex societies in the fifth and sixth millennia B.C to the close of the Early Islamic period around the tenth century A.D.  S. Branting. TuTh 10:30-11:50.

26711/36711.  Ancient Landscapes-2 (=NEAA 20062/30062; GEOG 25800/35800; ANST 22601). (PQ: Ancient Landscapes I or the consent of the instructor.) This course follows on from Ancient Landscapes I, taught last quarter. The sequence is designed to expose you to both numerous spatial theories underlying Landscape Archaeology as well as to the methodologies and tools used to collect and analyze spatial data within the landscape. They are relevant to anyone who may need to conduct an archaeological survey one day or who wishes to analyze the locations of archaeological data, or in textual data, within their spatial contexts.  As with the first course, this one is comprised of both a classroom and a laboratory component.  Additional laboratory exercises during this second quarter will allow you to get hands on experience in areas such as Spatial Statistics, Simulation and Virtual Reality modeling.  In addition a large portion of the class will revolve around working individually or in small groups on the actual implementation of some of the projects you designed during Ancient Landscapes I. Scott Branting. TuTh 10:30-11:50.

26715/36715. Rise of the State in the Near East (=NEAA 20030/30030) This course provides an introduction to the background and development of the first urbanized civilizations in the Near East in the period from 9000 to 2200 BC. In the first half of the course we will examine the archaeological evidence for the first domestication of plants and animals and the earliest village communities in the "fertile crescent" - the Levant, Anatolia, and Mesopotamia. The second half of the course will focus on the economic and social transformations which took place during the development from simple, village based communities to the emergence of the urbanized civilizations of the Sumerians and their neighbors in the fourth and third millennia BC.  Gil Stein. TuTh 12:00-1:20

28400/38800.  Bioarchaeology and the Human Skeleton (=BIOS 23247). This course is designed to provide students in archaeology with a thorough understanding of bioarchaeological and osteological methods used in the interpretation of prehistoric societies.  The integration of archaeology and human biology has been an especially dynamic part of anthropological endeavors during the past few decades, giving archaeologists important data on the genetic identity, health, and diet of ancient societies.  When combined with contextual data on mortuary treatment and cemetery structure, bioarchaeology forms a critical part of the technical arsenal of modern archaeologists.  The goal of this course will be to introduce students to bioarchaeological methods and theory.  In particular, laboratory instruction will stress hands-on experience in analyzing the human skeleton.  Seminar classes will emphasize bioanthropological theory and its application to specific cases throughout the world. There will be one laboratory class and one seminar-format class per week.  M.C. Lozada.  TuTh 1:30-3:20   BSLC 402.  

28415. Rights of the Living/Rites for the Dead: Forensic Anthropology and Human Rights Investigations (=HMRT 21901, LACS 21901). Over the last decade, novels and television shows such as “CSI” and “Bones” have helped to usher in a “forensic anthropology craze” in American popular culture and the scientist-detective has become a familiar hero. Yet, since the wars in Guatemala, the former Yugoslavia, and Rwanda, the discipline of forensic anthropology has undergone an effective (and affective) transformation. This transformation is partially due to the fact that forensic anthropologists have been called on to practice in a new contexts, interact with different cultures, and to testify in international courts seeking justice for victims of genocide and crimes against humanity. In this discussion-based course, we will examine the foundational relationship between science and justice in forensic anthropology, the “need” to identify victims, and the dual goals of returning human remains to families and seeking justice in international court. How have different cultural contexts and communities dealt with and/or challenged the goals of forensic anthropology? How has the role of the forensic anthropologist changed? What are the goals and concerns of local communities, international teams of forensic anthropologists or NGO's, and state institutions? What role have the missing and human remains played in articulating human rights within new political regimes? We will begin our discussion with the familiar case of 9/11 and the issues and debates that have arisen around identifying and memorializing human remains from mass fatalities within the U.S. The first part of the course will provide a context for understanding these debates, as we examine the history and techniques of forensic anthropology and its relation to the development of international courts and human rights, issues surrounding the excavation and identification of human remains, the interactions between forensic anthropologists and local communities, memory and mourning, and ethical debates surrounding human remains. In the second part of the course, we will examine case studies outside of the U.S., paying close attention to the tensions and debates that have emerged in each context and using these case studies to reflect on the questions above.  Maureen Marshall. MonWed 1:30-2:50

28710. East Asia before Confucius. The teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius have long been considered the social glue holding East Asian societies together.  Enduring ideas such as respect for elders, compassion, and social conformity can all be traced to Confucius’ writings.  Confucian principles prescribed an idea of world order based on benevolent ruler and good citizen, a model seemingly at odds with Marx’s characterization of oriental despotism.  To what extent did these principles cement the foundations for the earliest states in East Asia?  Using the rich material record uncovered from archaeological excavations in China, Korea, and Japan, this course evaluates the development of social and political networks before the time of Confucius.  We will compare constructions of communities, kingship, and ritual landscapes to understand how such principles spoke to conceptions of power and morality.   Alice Yao, Wed. 9:00-11:50.

29910.  BA Essay Seminar. (Limited to students writing BA papers in Anthropology). We will address three key issues in this seminar. First, we will focus on formulating a viable and provocative research problem that can be addressed in a 40-50 page paper. Second, we will discuss some key research techniques necessary for this endeavor, paying particular attention to the relationship between questions and evidence. Finally, third, we will consider the writing process (including aspects such as outlining, planning, and drafting) and modes of argumentation.  Jason Ramsey.  Mon  3:00-5:50.

34201-34202.  Development of Social Cultural Theory-2: The Making of Modern Anthropology. PQ: Open only to first year graduate students in the Anthropology Department. The second part of “Systems” explores the interplay of theory and ethnography, professional practice and historical context, in the development of anthropology as a modernist and postmodern discipline.  Rather than offer an overview of contemporary theoretical and methodological discourses, we shall examine, in critical depth, several of the major orientations that have shaped the history of Anglo-American anthropology this century.  In so doing, we shall be concerned with (i) the historical roots and philosophical foundations of particular perspectives and (ii) their significance for modern theoretical concerns and critical discourses in the social sciences at large.  J. Kelly/K Sunder Rajan  TuTh 1:30-4:20. Wed Eve.

36200.  Ceramic Analysis for Archaeologists.  This course introduces students to the theoretical foundations and analytical techniques that allow archaeologists to use ceramics to make inferences about ancient societies.  Ethnographic, experimental, and physical science approaches are explored to develop a realistic, integrated understanding of the nature of ceramics as a form of material culture and to assess both the kinds of interpretations of ancient people that can plausibly be made on the basis of their pottery and which techniques and research strategies may best serve to obtain useful information.  Practical training in the use of the Ceramic Laboratories is included. M. Dietler. TuTh 10:30-11:50

37202. Language in Culture II (LING 3120, Psych 47002).  Must be taken in sequence.  This is the second part of a two-quarter sequence on the place of language in social life. Building on the first quarter’s discussions of the interactional order, this class explores the role of meta-semiotic practices in the social life of the signs to which they are oriented.  We will be particularly interested in processes of mediation and institutionalization as they shape forms of social relations and the pragmatics of social interaction. The more general aim of the course is to investigate the constitutive role of semiosis in social and political forms.

          We start with the concepts of “ideology”—from the Enlightenment concept of the Idéologues to Marxist and post-Marxist notions of ideology—and “language ideology”—as developed in contemporary linguistic anthropology. Critically interrogating these concepts—in particular, asking what are the implicit semiotic assumptions that make them able to do analytic and critical work—we ask what are the possible uses and utilities of ideology in the investigation of the social life of language, and of language ideology in the investigation of social life more generally.  In this part of the course we give particular attention to empirical materials and their discussion from linguistic anthropology and variationalist sociolinguistics.

          We then trace a particular historical trajectory of language ideology from Enlightenment thought onwards, looking at the various kinds of theories of language that circulated in 17th century Europe and the ways that such theories of language presupposed particular models of modern subjectivity, human nature, sociality, and governance. We trace out the entailments of these language ideologies in a number of social projects which presuppose and institutionalize these ideological formations, and thereby have set the conditions on future social interactions and social inequalities: universal and philosophical languages, language reform and standardization movements, disciplinary formations (comparative philology, modern formalist linguistics), and (sub-)nationalist projects.

          In the final part of the course, with the backdrop of this historical genealogy, we investigate a number of critical topics in contemporary social and linguistic theory: the notion of publics and the public sphere, speech and language communities, the “imagined” community, and the role of media(tion) in social process. We give particular attention to the notion of media process, looking at the role of circulation in social and political life, mediatization and commodity registers, and the semiotics of branded forms. We conclude with a re-evaluation of language ideology and dialectics of indexicality in social process.  J. Richland/C. Nakassis. TuTh 3:00-4:20

37500. Morphology (=Ling 21000/31000). John Goldsmith. MWF 11:30-12:20.

42000.  Anthropological Methods. (PQ: Required of 2nd year social/cultural/linguistic anthropology graduate students. Others only with consent of the instructor.) This course provides a critical introduction to the methods of anthropology, paying special attention to topic formation, deployment of theoretical resources, techniques of engagement in “fields,” and the politics and ethics of fieldwork and ethnographic knowledge production.  Our approach will combine readings in critical anthropology relevant to methodological practice with workshop-style demonstrations of particular techniques for gathering and analyzing field material.  The limits and powers of ethnography (broadly construed) will be explored through exploratory engagement with students’ ongoing projects and a few examples of anthropological writing.  This course is intended to help students develop the tools needed to develop their own research objects and strategies while reflecting critically on anthropology as a practice.    M. Fisch.

42221.  Love, Capital & Conjugality in Africa and India (=CHDV 42212, HIST 45001, SALC 43103, CDIN 45001).  Are love and money necessarily opposed? Is arranged marriage primitive? Many would argue yes. It is widely accepted that in modern societies romantic love, the couple and the nuclear family are the ‘correct’ ways to organize intimate life. But, like many other normative ideas, these too were the product of particular historical developments in post-enlightenment Europe. A look at societies in other parts of the world demonstrates all too often that modernity in the realm of love, intimacy and family had a different trajectory from the European one. To characterize marriage, love, and familial relationships as backward or retrograde on grounds of their difference with (normative) models prevalent in the west results in a fundamental misunderstanding of the variety of different ways that societies have forged intimate relations. This course analyzes ideas and practices surrounding love, marriage, and capital in the modern world with a particular focus on comparison between Africa and South Asia. Drawing on theoretical concepts from anthropology, history, literary analysis and film studies, the course seeks to develop a critical, interdisciplinary lens for thinking about issues of love and sociality in the modern world. At the same time, students will come away with a sense of the content of different cultural traditions regarding love, marriage and household economies.  Jennifer Cole/Rochona Majumdar. Tues 1:30-4:20

42435.  Rituals of Sacrifice (=HREL 44610). Bruce Lincoln. MonWed 10:00-11:20.

47305. Evolution of Language (=LING 41920, CHSS 41920). How did language emerge in the phylogeny of mankind? Was its evolution saltatory or gradual? Did it start late or early and then proceed in a protracted way? Was the emergence monogenetic or polygenetic? What were the ecological prerequisites for the evolution, with the direct ecology situated in the hominine species itself, and when did the prerequisites obtain? Did there ever emerge a language organ or is this a post-facto construct that can be interpreted as a consequence of the emergence of language itself? What function did language evolve to serve, to enhance thought processes or to facilitate rich communication? Are there modern “fossils” in the animal kingdom that can inform our scholarship on the subject matter? What does paleontology suggest? We will review some of the recent and older literature on these questions and more.  Salikoko Mufwene. TuTh 1:30-2:50.

50500.  Commodity Aesthetics. Walter Benjamin and Theodor Adorno’s classic writings on the relationship between cultural production and modernity, aesthetics and capitalism are back on the anthropological agenda. Why should this be the case? What particular relevance does the cultural critique of the Frankfurt School hold for contemporary ethnographic projects? In the first third of the quarter, we will prepare the ground for Adorno and Benjamin by way of key readings from the philosophical heritage that nurtured them: Kant, Hegel and Marx. We then proceed directly to a selection of the essays and letters that Adorno and Benjamin wrote in the 1930s on mediation, subjectivity and politics in the age of the culture industries. We conclude by examining some of the projects that they have informed and inspired: critical readings of the aesthetic politics of neoliberalism, cyberspace, and new media more generally.  William Mazzarella. Wed. 9:00-11:50

52715.  Anticipatory Knowledge. Prognosis, prediction, forecasting, risk, threat – we live at a time of proliferating expert anticipatory futures.  This seminar explores how the future is brought into the present as a means of establishing new modes of governance.  It focuses on the historical evolution of expert regimes from closed world systems to emerging forms, tracking how notions of danger (marked as crisis, disaster, and catastrophe) index and invade the present.  The seminar approaches expert futurism as a vehicle for thinking through complex systems, ethics and knowledge production, and the role of the imaginary in security institutions (crossing techno-scientific, military, financial, environmental, and health domains).  Joseph Masco, Wed 12:00-2:50

53320.  Urban Emergence.  This course considers the aesthetics, politics, economies, and lived experiences that materialize in relation with thinking the city as a paradigm of emergence and/or an emergent paradigm. As such, it is concerned with the city as a site of generative tension between sedimented practices and nascent phenomena, top-down planning and self-organization, and spatialized morality and temporal becomings. In traversing these themes, it attends to the city as an object, process, and site of reflective theorization. The approach will be both historical and comparative, guided by urban social theory and ethnographic engagements that highlight the sociocultural irreducibility of specific urban conditions, experiences, and questions. Special attention will be given to questions of urban experience and theory vis-à-vis the effects of mass mediation, governmentality, infrastructure, architecture, affective and sensorial registers. This is a graduate seminar but open to undergraduates by permission from the instructor.  Michael Fisch.  Tues 12:00-2:50

55700.  Tradition, Temporality and Authority.  The opposition between modernity and tradition, and between modern and traditional societies, has long been questioned within social theory. But many of the crucial presuppositions that made this opposition seem initially plausible still remain, having gone largely unexplored and unquestioned. Nowhere is this more evident than in the scholarship on Islam and the Middle East. In this seminar, we look into some of these presuppositions, especially ones about time and history. Going between texts in history and philosophy and ethnographies of Islam, we will attempt to rethink the idea of tradition by exploring the links between ideas of temporality, authority, and embodiment. Hussein Agrama. Tues 1:30-4:20

55720.  Provocations of an Anthropology of Ethics.  Hussein Agrama. Wed 1:30-4:20

58600.  Social Theory of the City. This graduate seminar explores various historical, sociological and anthropological theories of cities.  The course analyzes major theoretical frameworks concerned with urban forms, institutions and experience as well as particular instances of city development from pre-modern to contemporary periods.  The seminar will consist of initial orienting lectures, discussion of selected texts concerned with social theories of the city, and presentation of research projects by class participants. A. Kolata. Wed. 1:30-4:20.