Graduate Courses — Winter 2008

34201, 34202.  Development of Social and Cultural Theory II: The Making of Modern Anthropology (200 units).  PQ: Open only to first-year Anthropology graduate students. The second quarter of "Systems" explores the interplay of theory and ethnography, professional practice and historical context, in the development of anthropology as "modern" and "postmodern" discipline. Rather than offer an overview of contemporary theoretical and methodological discourses, we shall examine, in depth, the relations among several major orientations that have shaped the history of Anglo-American anthropology this century. In so doing, we shall be concerned with (i) the historical roots and philosophical foundations of particular perspectives and (ii) its significance for modern theoretical concerns and critical approaches in the social sciences at large.  M. Carneiro da Cunha. TuTh, 1:30-4:20 Haskell 315

37202. Language in Culture II (=Ling 31200, PSYC 47002). PQ: Must be taken in sequence. This is the second part of a two-quarter sequence about the role of language in culture. Building on the first quarter's discussions of the interactional order, this quarter's class explores the semiotics of sociocultural differentiation in institutions such as schools, nations, colonial projects and liberal polities, and the simultaneous construction of those very institutions through modes of linguistic interaction. The more general aim is to investigate the constitutive role of language and semiotic figuration in sociopolitical processes.We start with the notion of "ideology" and specifically language ideology, within the scholarly tradition of ideological critique.  Language ideologies shape understandings of language and interaction by users -- both professional and non-expert -- and shape assumptions about the supposedly "natural" indexicality of linguistic forms. Language ideologies are both embedded in practices and reflexive of them; they are pervaded by the moral and political positions within a social field.  To study language ideologies is to explore the nexus of language, culture and politics. We thus examine the repesentations - implicit and explicit - that create language's role in a social and cultural world, and that are themselves acts within it. 
The metapragmatic/ ideological regimentation of language in use gives rise to forms of shifting "subjectivity" or inhabitable identities.  The course therefore takes up the processes by which identities are produced, and critically examines a number of concepts that have been the traditional subject matter of sociolinguistics, such as: "language" "dialect" "register" "speech community" "code" and "standardization." We treat these as normative cultural constructs -- folk concepts as well as scientific ones. How are these implicated in nation-building, state-making, colonialism, and other aspects of "modernity" as a discursive project?  The course also explores "boundary practices":  multilingualism, translation, register-formation, and codeswitching. These require some understanding of circulation (interdiscursivity) and "locality" as part of global capitalist flows. We end with a look at historical change in linguistic norms, integrating the synchronic and diachronic in real-time interactions and institutions.  What is the role of linguists' own ideologies in these processes?  Susan Gal. TuTh 10:30-11:50

37301. Phonology I (=Ling 20800/30800). PQ: Ling 201, 202, 203, 206, or equivalent. This is an introduction to general principles of phonology, with emphasis on nongenerative theory. Jason Riggle. MW 1:30-2:50.

37802.  Syntax-2 (=Ling 20500/30500).  PQ. Part 1. Jason Merchant. TuTh 12:00-1:20.

42000.  Anthropological Methods.  (PQ: Required of 2nd year social/cultural/linguistic anthropology graduate students. Others only with consent of the instructor.) This course provides a critical introduction to the methods of anthropology, paying special attention to topic formation, deployment of theoretical resources, techniques of engagement in "fields," and the politics and ethics of fieldwork and ethnographic knowledge production.  Our approach will combine readings in critical anthropology relevant to methodological practice with workshop-style demonstrations of particular techniques for gathering and analyzing field material.  The limits and powers of ethnography (broadly construed) will be explored through exploratory engagement with students' ongoing projects and a few examples of anthropological writing.  This course is intended to help students develop the tools needed to develop their own research objects and strategies while reflecting critically on anthropology as a practice.  J. Cattelino.  Fri 1:30-3:20

42410. Liminal Beings: Vampires and Others (=HREL 48400.  Bruce Lincoln. TuTh 10:30-11:50.

47300.  Historical Linguistics (=LING 21300/31300). Staff. TuTh 10:30-11:50.

50501. Zizeck. Academic stand-up? Intellectual rock star? Slavoj Zizek's frenetic, eclectic style has often led the theoretical and political seriousness of his project to be eclipsed by his celebrity. Through a series of readings from his most substantial works, this seminar explores the originality of Zizek's attempt (in a poststructuralist, post-socialist world) to bring Lacanian psychoanalysis into conversation with the Kant-Hegel-Marx lineage of theorizing modernity. Since this is an advanced graduate seminar, some grounding in Marxist and Freudian theory will be presumed. W. Mazzarella.  Wed. 9:30-12:20.

52810.  Stigma. This course explores the history of analyses of "abnormality" in anthropology and in the social sciences more broadly.  As ideals of accountability' or ‘fault' shift from institutions to selves, research questions pertaining to "difference" and "abnormality" likewise change, as the lives and activities of the persons we study reflect the impact of the shift in question.  Today, for instance, the politicization of "stigma" involves a process of externalization that occurs through the co-participation of the "different" and the "tolerant" subject.  In this course we explore the historical conditions that enable interplays such as this one, with attention to Goffman's seminal description of "stigma." K. Fikes. Mon 8:30-11:20

54305. Empires in Asia (=HIST 52401). This course seeks to consider the Ottoman, Russian, Qing, Persian and British empires in comparative perspective. The focus will be on the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and will consider geo-political and geo-strategic influences on patterns of empire-building, administrative structures, and socio-cultural policies of each of the empires.  Special attention will be given to Central Asia as a meeting point of the five empires, and with the role the khanates of Central Asia played in the expansion or contraction of each of the empires.  Attention will also be given to the kinds of questions historians ask when dealing with one or another of the empires; and to the forms of historical narratives constructed as a result of these questions. J. Hevia.  Tues 3:30-6:20.