Graduate Courses — Spring 2007

31800. Religious Movement of Native North America. New Agers essentialize and romanticize Native American religions. Religious beliefs and practices are assumed to be primordial, eternal, and invariable. However a closer examination reveals that Native American religions are highly dynamic and adaptive, ever reactive to internal pressure and external circumstances. Perhaps the most dramatic forms of religious change are the transformations that anthropologists recognize as nativistic or revitalization movements. These movements on one level represent conscious breaks with an immediate negative past and they anticipate a positive future in which present sources of oppression are overcome. Such movements have occurred fairly regularly in the historical record and doubtless occurred prehistorically as well. Indeed the collective memory of such events may be enshrined in myths. Many contemporary Native American movements, be they political and/or religious, can be understood as sharing similar dynamics to past movements. Classic accounts of the Ghost Dance, often considered to be the prototypical Native American religious movement, analysis of the Handsome Lake Religion among the Senecas, and other Native American religious movements will also be examined. R. Fogelson. TuTh 3:00-4:20.

34814. Anthropology and Literature: World Poetry (=SCTH 32720). This course will explore fundamentals of poetry and poetics on a world basis: the music of language, theory of tropes, poetry and myth, linguistic-poetic relativism, the unique individual, sociopolitical context, the moral intention of the poet, metaphysical questions, and so forth. The four poetic worlds to be central this year are: T'ang Chinese (e.g., Tu Fu), Russian (i.e., Pushkin), native American (e.g. Quechua, Eskimo), and three American poets (Dickenson, Frost, Hughes). Brief introductions to other poetic worlds (e.g., Villon, Baudelaire, haiku). Texts to be used in part: J. Rothenburg's Technicians of the Sacred, E. Weinberger's Anthropology of Classic Chinese Poetry. P. Friedrich. Wed 9:30-12:20.

37302. Phonology II (=LING 20900/30900). PQ: Anthro 373. The principles of generative phonology are introduced and studied in detail, emphasizing the role of formalism and abstractness in phonological analysis. The emphasis is on Sound Pattern of English theory, with brief discussion of more recent autosegmental and metrical models. Jason Riggle. TuTh 1:30-2:50

37500. Morphology (=LING 21000/31000). PQ: Anthro 373. This course deals with linguistic structure and patterning beyond the phono¬logical level, primarily from a structuralist point of view. It concentrates on analysis of grammatical and formal oppositions and their structural relation¬ships and interrelationships. J. Sadock. MW 3:00-4:20.

39001-02. Archaeological Theory/Method. PQ: Required for first-and second-year graduate students in archaeology; open to undergraduates only with consent of instructor; this course carries 200 units of credit. This course provides an intensive critical orientation to the logics of archaeological interpretation and aesthetics of archaeographic representation from the 19th century to the present. Students will engage in close readings of canonical theoretical texts in order to track the major philosophical shifts in the discipline from its antiquarian origins through postmodernity. Simultaneously, we will examine the reports from a group of landmark research projects in order to document how theory was put into practice. In addition to lectures and discussion sessions, students will conduct a series of debates intended to expose the central tenets underlying the primary paradigm shifts of the last century. Kathleen Morrison. TuTh 1:30-4:20

41901. The Crowd. At the end of the nineteenth century, the figure of the unruly, affect-laden crowd appeared as both the volatile foundation and the dystopian alter ego of the democratic mass society. By the middle of the twentieth century, following the traumatic excesses of communism and fascism in Europe, the crowd largely disappeared from polite sociological analysis - to be replaced by its serene counterpart, the communicatively rational public. At the turn of the twenty-first century, however, the previously demonized crowd has unexpectedly returned, now in the valorized guise of ‘the multitude' - in part as a result of a growing sense of the exhaustion of the categories of mainstream liberal politics.
This seminar tracks the trajectory of the crowd, from mass to multitude, through a series of classic readings and recent interventions. Students will be responsible for classroom presentations as well as a term paper based on the readings. William Mazzarella. Fri 9:30-12:20

42000. Anthropological Methods. (PQ: Required of 2nd year social/cultural/linguistic anthropology graduate students. Others only with consent of the instructor.) This course provides a critical introduction to the methods of anthropology, paying special attention to topic formation, deployment of theoretical resources, techniques of engagement in "fields," and the politics and ethics of fieldwork and ethnographic knowledge production. Our approach will combine readings in critical anthropology relevant to methodological practice with workshop-style demonstrations of particular techniques for gathering and analyzing field material. The limits and powers of ethnography (broadly construed) will be explored through exploratory engagement with students' ongoing projects and a few examples of anthropological writing. This course is intended to help students develop the tools needed to develop their own research objects and strategies while reflecting critically on anthropology as a practice. Judith Farquhar. Mon 9:30-12:20

42910. Anthropology of Media. Media are profoundly transforming the ways in which people perceive and interact with their surroundings. This course introduces students to anthropological approaches to the study of the production, circulation, and reception of media, tacking between theoretical approaches and ethnographic studies with an eye towards the tricky issue of identifying methods through which to study media practices. Anthropological approaches to media have considered their effects on the transformation of space-time relations, the shaping of political identities, and the constitution of complex (social, political, economic, institutional, and/or creative) connections among people and groups. Anthropologists have analyzed the possibilities and limitations offered by media such as the voice, photography, television, radio, cassette tapes, videotapes, newspapers, advertising, and the Internet as they are mobilized in distinct settings. Focusing on research on materiality & place, the state & globalization, and religion & selfhood, we will analyze the co-determinate relationships among institutional structures, technological developments, and social and political contexts of diverse kinds of media practice. Amahl Bishara. Mon 12:30-3:20

45110. Global Intimacies (=HUDV 42215) Filipina nannies who leave their children at home and move to the United States to care for other peoples children. Young women (and men) who provide sex to tourists in the Dominican Republic. Women in Russia, Latin America and throughout Africa who go on the Internet to try and find husbands. The growing sense that youth in many parts of the world are increasingly implicated in violence, in part because they find themselves unable to project themselves into the future they want to achieve. All of these examples suggest that globalization is as much about the reorganization of intimacy as it is about the reorganization of space, time, and production: clearly the two are intertwined. The goal of this class is to interrogate the links between globalization and intimate social relations of various kindswe focus particularly on ethnographies about romance/sex/trade one the one hand, and youth and familial parent/child relationships on the other. In so doing, I am aware that we run the risk of casting our net too broadly, and that it could be argued that Internet marriage and studies of youth are totally unrelated. However, I would argue that this is not in fact the case, and that the study of youth and the study of sexual intimacy are interwoven in complicated ways, offering two key sites through which to think about the relationship of globalization to intimate social relations. Readings include Tsing's Friction: An Ethnography of Global Connection, Povinelli's The Empire of Love, and Rofel's Desiring China, among others. Jennifer Cole. Thurs 1:30-4:20.

46710. Archaeology of African Global Encounters. In this course, we will explore different dimensions of the African experience as it unfolded roughly over the past 500 years. Combining archaeology, anthropology, and history, and drawing from multiple repertoires of sources ( artifacts, texts, images, oral traditions), we will investigate Africa's intensifying encounters with global political economy, from the Atlantic era to the 'age of globalization'. On one level, this involves analyzing historical contexts, processes, and effects across the continent - perhaps following the threads of what Jane Guyer has called the 'turbulence and loss' of Africa's historical past. In parallel fashion, we must also reflect on global encounters as spaces for the production of new historical imaginations that have profoundly shaped anthropological projects. Rather than following a historical or geographical narrative, we will examine different moments, locales, and historicities through a suite of topical lenses: landscapes, states and power, 'identities' and ethnicity, entanglements and embodiment, political economic mosaics, colonialism, modernities, politics, and the postcolony. Francois Richard. Wed 3:30-6:20.

46800. Ethnoarchaeology and Material Culture. This seminar explores the theoretical contributions and research methods of the still developing hybrid subfield of anthropology designed to aid archaeological interpretation by undertaking ethnographic research emphasizing the social understanding of material culture. It also attempts to show the potential ethnoarchaeological research to provide a privileged site of conjuncture between the interests of archaeology and cultural anthropology. The course will proceed primarily by means of a close critical examination of selected ethnoarchaeological case studies and readings in material culture theory. The goals of the course include developing: (1) an appreciation of the range of theoretical approaches being applied to the study of material culture and their relative utility for archaeological interpretation, (2) an understanding of the special problems raised by the process of archaeological interpretation and the nature of archaeological data, and (3) a critically astute competence in evaluating, designing, and executing the techniques and research strategies of ethnoarchaeological fieldwork. Michael Dietler. Wed 12:30-3:20

48400. Fieldwork in the Archives (=Hist 67700). This is a methods seminar designed for both archaeology and sociocultural graduate students interested in, or already working with, archival materials and original texts. The goal of the course is to develop a tool-kit of epistemological questions and methodological approaches that can aid in understanding how archives are formed, the purposes they serve, their relation to the culture and topic under study, as well as how to search archives effectively and read documents critically. We will survey different types of documents and archives often encountered in fieldwork, and sample approaches taken by historians, anthropologists, and archaeologists from contexts as diverse as the ancient Near East to 1970's Cuba. This seminar will also be driven by the problems and examples that students bring to the discussion. A major outcome will be a research paper that uses original documents from the student's own fieldwork or from locally available archive sources identified during the course. Shannon Dawdy. Fri 10:30-1:20

51020. Making Up People (=PHIL 51503, ENGL 65303, HIPS 26301). How do classifications of people interact with the people classified? To what extent do new classifications bring new kinds of people into being? To what extent is there a "looping effect" so that people resist classification, forcing the classifications themselves to change? Many case studies have been published -- child abuse, multiple personality, the criminal personality, the poverty line, etc. This seminar aims at providing a more general theoretical analysis of such phenomena, but will also include a detailed account of autism from 1908 to the present, and, in less detail, of the emergence of the Body Mass Index and its effects. Each student will write one paper on one kind of person or behavior. Two types of topics will be encouraged, genius and suicide, but each student may prepare an archaeology of any kind of person of interest, after discussion with the instructor. Ian Hacking. TuTh 10:30-1:20 April 5-May 1.

51025. Culture, Convention, and the Clinic (=SSA 50501). This seminar focuses on the relationship of cultural conventions, clinical interventions, and political processes. Engaging in what can best be understood as an anthropology of social work, we will traverse the "micro-macro" divide that has long characterized the profession. Thus, on the one hand, we will explore the ethical and political dimensions of contemporary therapeutic practices, such as "culturally-sensitive" psychiatry, narrative therapy, and the ever-thriving self-help movement. On the other hand, we will address how social welfare policies and practices -- like welfare reform -- are increasingly framed and understood in clinical terms. We will read ethnographic studies of homeless shelters, community-based clinics, psychiatric wards, welfare offices, all of which demonstrate that social work is a site where normative cultural ideas about sanity, citizenship, selfhood, and human difference are practiced and policed. Throughout the quarter, we will also attend to how social work interventions and institutions have challenged and redefined, as well as reproduced and reified, cultural conventions. Indeed, we will find that to think about social work is to think about technologies of change. E. Summerson Carr

52605. Advanced Readings: Africanist Anthropology. Jean/John Comaroff. Tues 3:00-5:50. Starts April 3.

54410. Hybridity. Ever since the late 1980s when James Clifford discovered that the "pure products" had "gone crazy", and Ulf Hannerz alerted us to the fact that the "world" was "in creolization", notions of "hybridity" and "hybridization" (and their various conceptual relatives such as mestizaje, creolization, syncretism, and so forth) have enjoyed increasing currency in our discipline. Often seen as the results of globalization-induced and medially accelerated Hyperdiffusionism, "hybrids", it seems, are the ubiquitous sign of a postmodern denouement of both "cultures" as "we knew them" (once, when we were "modern"), and the antidote to older anthropological reifications. How ironic then that while the "hybrid" obviously gestures toward what Marilyn Strathern has called "post-plural" conceptions of culture, the languages that are supposed to make it analytically visible often hearken back to the vocabularies of regimes of "breeding" ("hybrid" or "creole"), religious orthodoxies ("syncretism"), systems of racial exclusion and domination ("mestizaje"), or other institutional mechanisms and practices that reproduce and police categorical boundaries - often in order to stabilize particular distributions of power and privilege.  This experimental course aims less to scrutinize the analytical utility of the conceptual language these terms appear to put at our disposal, than to probe into the epistemological conditions and taxonomic politics that make "the hybrid" thinkable in the first place, and seemingly "good to think" at the current moment. The central question it poses is: how do we know that something is "hybrid" (or not)? After a very brief initial survey of contemporary "hybridology" and the forms of analysis it seeks to supercede, we will take our departure from Bruno Latour's suggestion that "hybrids" are the inevitable products of practices of categorical "purification". In line with this, we will examine the politics of classificatory discernment, recognition, and naturalization that are productive of both the "purities" and the "hybrids" that appear to stand out, and even ostensibly militate, against them. After a foray into taxonomics and "natural kind" philosophy, we will discuss an array of case studies concerning the maintenance of classificatory infrastructures and categorical boundaries in regard to species, sex, language, race, and distinctions between humans and animals, nature and society, persons and things, and life and death. My hunch is that we might conclude that contemporary "hybridity"-talk is epistemologically problematic and politically troubling because far from destabilizing normalized categorical schemes, it necessarily reinforces precisely those distinctions that make "hybrid anomalies" visible in the first place. However, I remain entirely open to be convinced of the merits of hybridity (or rather: conceptualizations of it that I have, so far, failed to take into account). Stephan Palmie. Tues 10:30-1:20.

55700. Tradition, Temporality and Authority. The opposition between modernity and tradition, and between modern and traditional societies, has long been questioned within social theory. But many of the crucial presuppositions that made this opposition seem initially plausible still remain, having gone largely unexplored and unquestioned. Nowhere is this more evident than in the scholarship on Islam and the Middle East. In this seminar, we look into some of these presuppositions, especially ones about time and history. Going between texts in history and philosophy and ethnographies of Islam, we will attempt to rethink the idea of tradition by exploring the links between ideas of temporality, authority, and embodiment. Hussein Agrama. Wed 12:30-3:20.

56912. Text/Artifact: Advanced reading seminar in archaeology. (PQ Doctoral students only, others require consent.) This is a student-initiated reading seminar exploring the epistemological roles of texts and artifacts in archaeological work. The themes we will explore relate to a conference to be held on campus on May 18, however students need not be participants in the conference to enroll. The questions we will consider (taken from the collaboratively written abstract) include: "How does the nature of our evidence shape the questions we ask and the methods we use to answer them? In what ways are these forms of evidence combined, juxtaposed, and contrasted? Is it useful to read texts as artifacts, artifacts as texts, and what does this entail? What are the paradigms for approaching hybrid forms of text, object, and image? How do we treat those geographical and temporal contexts that lie somewhere between prehistory and history? Do our sources and practices inscribe boundaries or inspire collaborations between the disciplines? How do the conditions of our specialties as Andeanists, Egyptologists, Modernists, etc., inform comparison, or even envy and longing for the evidence of the other?"
Each student will be responsible for designing a small section of the syllabus around a question that interests them, or to share problems taken from their own field of research. Reading selections will also include monographs written by invited speakers. This will be a readings-heavy course with no final writing requirement, although students giving papers at the conference will have an opportunity to workshop their papers in this setting. Shannon Dawdy. Thurs 9:00-11:50.

57201. Seminar on Language Variation and Change.  This course uses a critical evaluation of William Labov's approach to language variation and change to engage the relationship between sociolinguistics and linguistic history. We will assess, among a number of topics, Labov's theorization of inter-idiolectal and inter-lectal variation and his use of the concepts of ‘apparent' vs. ‘real' time to interpret language change, paying attention to how he addresses the Weinreichian "actuation problem." We will also consider the role that quantitative analysis can play in the study of language norms and the concepts of language change in several different current formulations. Some familiarity with the social study of language or with historical linguistics is presumed. Salikoko Mufwene, Michael Silverstein Arr.

58300. Readings: Andean Ethnohistory. This course critically examines the early Colonial Period literatures related to the social and institutional arrangements of the indigenous peoples of the Andes. The course will analyze the conditions of production and modes of interpretation of these literatures, and examine the extent to which they are useful for understanding Pre-Hispanic and early Colonial period social formations. Alan Kolata. Wed. 9:30-12:20.